ananasthe pineapple or a related tropical American bromeliaceous plant, the pinguin, that has an edible plum-shaped fruit anchovy peara Jamaican tree, Grias cauliflora, bearing edible fruits that taste like the mango: family Lecythidaceae applea rosaceous tree, Malus sieversii, native to Central Asia but widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties, having pink or white fragrant flowers and firm rounded edible fruits apricota rosaceous tree, Prunus armeniaca, native to Africa and W Asia, but widely cultivated for its edible fruit avocado, avocado pear, or (U.S.) alligator peara pear-shaped fruit having a leathery green or blackish skin, a large stony seed, and a greenish-yellow edible pulp babacoa subtropical parthenocarpic tree, Carica pentagona, originating in South America, cultivated for its fruit: family Caricaceae bananaany of several tropical and subtropical herbaceous treelike plants of the musaceous genus Musa, esp M. sapientum, a widely cultivated species propagated from suckers and having hanging clusters of edible fruit Bartlett peara large, juicy variety of pear beach plumits edible plumlike fruit bergamot pearberryany of various small edible fruits such as the blackberry and strawberry Beurre Hardy pearbigarreau cherrybilberry, blaeberry, huckleberry, whortleberry, or (Irish) fraughanthe fruit of any of these plants blackberry or (Scot.) brambleany of several woody plants of the rosaceous genus Rubus, esp R. fruticosus, that have thorny stems and black or purple glossy edible berry-like fruits (drupelets) black cherrya tree of the species Prunus serotina, having a small fleshy rounded edible fruit containing a hard stone blackcurrantthe fruit of this shrub blackheart cherryblood orangea variety of orange all or part of the pulp of which is dark red when ripe blueberrythe fruit of any of these plants Bon Chretien pearboxberrythe fruit of the partridgeberry or wintergreen boysenberrythe large red edible fruit of this plant breadfruita moraceous tree, Artocarpus communis (or A. altilis), of the Pacific Islands, having large round edible starchy usually seedless, fruit calamondinthe acid-tasting fruit of this tree, resembling a small orange cantaloup or cantaloupe meloncarambola or star fruita tree, Averrhoa carambola, probably native to Brazil but cultivated in the tropics, esp SE Asia, for its edible fruit casaba or cassaba melona kind of winter muskmelon having a yellow rind and sweet juicy flesh Charentais melonchayotea tropical American cucurbitaceous climbing plant, Sechium edule, that has edible pear-shaped fruit enclosing a single enormous seed chempadukthe fruit of this tree, edible when cooked, having yellow starchy flesh and a leathery rind cherryany of several trees of the rosaceous genus Prunus, such as P. avium (sweet cherry), having a small fleshy rounded fruit containing a hard stone chokecherryany of several North American species of cherry, esp Prunus virginiana, having very astringent dark red or black fruit chokothe cucumber-like fruit of a tropical American cucurbitaceous vine, Sechium edule: eaten as a vegetable in the Caribbean, Australia, and New Zealand citrona small Asian rutaceous tree, Citrus medica, having lemon-like fruit with a thick aromatic rind clementinea citrus fruit thought to be either a variety of tangerine or a hybrid between a tangerine and sweet orange cloudberry or (Canad.) bakeapplea creeping Eurasian herbaceous rosaceous plant, Rubus chamaemorus, with white flowers and orange berry-like fruits (drupelets) Concord grapea variety of grape with purple-black fruit covered with a bluish bloom Conference peara variety of pear that has sweet and juicy fruit cranberrythe berry of this plant, used to make sauce or jelly custard applethe large heart-shaped fruit of this tree, which has a fleshy edible pulp damsona small rosaceous tree, Prunus domestica instititia (or P. instititia), cultivated for its blue-black edible plumlike fruit and probably derived from the bullace datethe fruit of the date palm, having sweet edible flesh and a single large woody seed dewberryany trailing bramble, such as Rubus hispidus of North America and R. caesius of Europe and NW Asia, having blue-black fruits durian or duriona SE Asian bombacaceous tree, Durio zibethinus, having very large oval fruits with a hard spiny rind containing seeds surrounded by edible evil-smelling aril elderberrythe berry-like fruit of the elder, used for making wines, jellies, etc figthe fruit of any of these trees, esp of F. carica, which develops from the receptacle and has sweet flesh containing numerous seedlike structures Galia melongooseberry or (informal) goosegogthe berry of this plant grapethe fruit of the grapevine, which has a purple or green skin and sweet flesh: eaten raw, dried to make raisins, currants, or sultanas, or used for making wine grapefruitthe large round edible fruit of this tree, which has yellow rind and juicy slightly bitter pulp greengagea cultivated variety of plum tree, Prunus domestica italica, with edible green plumlike fruits guavaany of various tropical American trees of the myrtaceous genus Psidium, esp P. guajava, grown in tropical regions for their edible fruit hackberryany American tree or shrub of the ulmaceous genus Celtis, having edible cherry-like fruits heart cherrya heart-shaped variety of sweet cherry honeydew melona variety of muskmelon with a smooth greenish-white rind and sweet greenish flesh jackfruit or jackthe edible fruit of this tree, which resembles breadfruit and can weigh up to 27 kilograms (60 pounds) Jaffa orangekiwano(trademark)Kiwi fruit or Chinese gooseberrykumquat or cumquatthe small round orange fruit of such a tree, with a sweet rind, used in preserves and confections lemona small Asian evergreen tree, Citrus limon, widely cultivated in warm and tropical regions, having pale green glossy leaves and edible fruits limea small Asian citrus tree, Citrus aurantifolia, with stiff sharp spines and small round or oval greenish fruits lychee, litchi, lichee, or lichia Chinese sapindaceous tree, Litchi chinensis, cultivated for its round edible fruits loganberrya trailing prickly hybrid rosaceous plant, Rubus loganobaccus, cultivated for its edible fruit: probably a hybrid between an American blackberry and a raspberry longana sapindaceous tree, Euphoria longan, of tropical and subtropical Asia, with small yellowish-white flowers and small edible fruits loquat or Japan pluman ornamental evergreen rosaceous tree, Eriobotrya japonica, of China and Japan, having reddish woolly branches, white flowers, and small yellow edible plumlike fruits mandarina small citrus tree, Citrus nobilis, cultivated for its edible fruit mangoa tropical Asian anacardiaceous evergreen tree, Mangifera indica, cultivated in the tropics for its fruit mangosteenan East Indian tree, Garcinia mangostana, with thick leathery leaves and edible fruit: family Clusiaceae May applean American berberidaceous plant, Podophyllum peltatum, with edible yellowish egg-shaped fruit medlarthe fruit of this tree, which resembles the crab apple and is not edible until it has begun to decay melonany of several varieties of two cucurbitaceous vines, cultivated for their edible fruit minneolaa juicy citrus fruit that is a cross between a tangerine and a grapefruit morello cherrymulberryany moraceous tree of the temperate genus Morus, having edible blackberry-like fruit, such as M. alba (white mulberry), the leaves of which are used to feed silkworms muskmelonthe fruit of any of these melons, having ribbed or warty rind and sweet yellow, white, or green flesh with a musky aroma nashi or Asian pearthe fruit of the Japanese pear, which resembles a large yellow apple, has crisp juicy flesh, and is cultivated in Japan, Korea, the US, and New Zealand navel orangea sweet orange that is usually seedless and has at its apex a navel-like depression enclosing an underdeveloped secondary fruit nectarinethe fruit of this tree, which has a smooth skin Ogen melona variety of small melon having a green skin and sweet pale green flesh olivean evergreen oleaceous tree, Olea europaea, of the Mediterranean region but cultivated elsewhere, having white fragrant flowers, and edible shiny black fruits orangeany of several citrus trees, esp Citrus sinensis (sweet orange) and the Seville orange, cultivated in warm regions for their round edible fruit ortaniquea hybrid between an orange and a tangerine papaw or pawpawa bush or small tree, Asimina triloba, of central North America, having small fleshy edible fruit: family Annonaceae papayaa Caribbean evergreen tree, Carica papaya, with a crown of large dissected leaves and large green hanging fruit: family Caricaceae passion fruit or granadillathe edible fruit of any of various passionflowers, esp granadilla peacha small rosaceous tree, Prunus persica, with pink flowers and rounded edible fruit: cultivated in temperate regions peara widely cultivated rosaceous tree, Pyrus communis, having white flowers and edible fruits peppera woody climbing plant, Piper nigrum, of the East Indies, having small black berry-like fruits: family Piperaceae physalis, Cape gooseberry, or strawberry tomatothe fruit of either of these plants, eaten fresh or made into preserves and pickles pineapplea tropical American bromeliaceous plant, Ananas comosus, cultivated in the tropics for its large fleshy edible fruit plantainthe green-skinned banana-like fruit of this plant, eaten as a staple food in many tropical regions pluma small rosaceous tree, Prunus domestica, with white flowers and an edible oval fruit that is purple, yellow, or green and contains an oval stone pomegranatean Asian shrub or small tree, Punica granatum, cultivated in semitropical regions for its edible fruit: family Punicaceae pomelo or shaddocka tropical rutaceous tree, Citrus maxima (or C. decumana), grown widely in oriental regions for its large yellow grapefruit-like edible fruit prickly pearany of various tropical cacti of the genus Opuntia, having flattened or cylindrical spiny joints and oval fruit that is edible in some species prunea purplish-black partially dried fruit of any of several varieties of plum tree pumpkinthe large round fruit of any of these plants, which has a thick orange rind, pulpy flesh, and numerous seeds Queensland bluea pumpkin with a bluish skin quincea small widely cultivated Asian rosaceous tree, Cydonia oblonga, with pinkish-white flowers and edible pear-shaped fruits raisina dried grape rambutana sapindaceous tree, Nephelium lappaceum, native to SE Asia, that has bright red edible fruit raspberryany of the prickly shrubs of the rosaceous genus Rubus, such as R. strigosus of E North America and R. idaeus of Europe, that have pinkish-white flowers and typically red berry-like fruits (drupelets) redcurrantthe fruit of this shrub rockmelonsalmonberrya spineless raspberry bush, Rubus spectabilis, of North America, having reddish-purple flowers and large red or yellow edible fruits sapota(in tropical America) any of various different fruits sapodilla, sapodilla plum, or naseberrythe edible brown rough-skinned fruit of this tree, which has a sweet yellowish pulp saskatoona species of serviceberry, Amelanchier alnifolia, of W Canada: noted for its succulent purplish berries satsumaa small citrus tree, Citrus nobilis var. unshiu, cultivated, esp in Japan, for its edible fruit Seville orangean orange tree, Citrus aurantium, of tropical and semitropical regions: grown for its bitter fruit, which is used to make marmalade serviceberrythe fruit of any of these plants sharon fruit or persimmonany of several tropical trees of the genus Diospyros, typically having hard wood and large orange-red fruit: family Ebenaceae sloethe small sour blue-black fruit of the blackthorn snowberrysour cherrya Eurasian rosaceous tree, Prunus cerasus, with white flowers: cultivated for its tart red fruits sour gourda large bombacaceous tree, Adansonia gregorii, of N Australia, having gourdlike fruit soursopa small West Indian tree, Annona muricata, having large spiny fruit: family Annonaceae star-applea West Indian sapotaceous tree, Chrysophyllum cainito, with smooth-skinned edible greenish-purple fruit strawberryany of various low-growing rosaceous plants of the genus Fragaria, such as F. vesca (wild strawberry) and F. ananassa (garden strawberry), which have white flowers and red edible fruits and spread by runners sultanathe dried fruit of a small white seedless grape, originally produced in SW Asia: used in cakes, curries, etc; seedless raisin sweet cherryeither of two types of cherry tree that are cultivated for their red edible sweet fruit, the gean having tender-fleshed fruit, the bigarreau having firm-fleshed fruit sweetiea large seedless variety of grapefruit which has a green to yellow rind and juicy sweet pulp sweetsopa small West Indian tree, Annona squamosa, having yellowish-green fruit: family Annonaceae tamarillo or tree tomatoan arborescent shrub, Cyphomandra betacea or C. crassifolia, native to South America but widely cultivated, bearing red egg-shaped edible fruit: family Solanaceae tamarindthe acid fruit of this tree, used as a food and to make beverages and medicines tangelothe fruit of this hybrid, having orange acid-tasting flesh tangerine or (S. African) naartjean Asian citrus tree, Citrus reticulata, cultivated for its small edible orange-like fruits tayberrythe large sweet red fruit of this plant tomato or (archaic) love applea solanaceous plant, Lycopersicon (or Lycopersicum) esculentum, of South America, widely cultivated for its red fleshy many-seeded edible fruits UGLI(trademark)a large juicy yellow-skinned citrus fruit of the Caribbean: a cross between a tangerine, grapefruit, and orange victoria or victoria pluma large sweet variety of plum, red and yellow in colour watermelonan African melon, Citrullus vulgaris, widely cultivated for its large edible fruit white currantWilliams peara variety of pear that has large yellow juicy sweet fruit winter melona variety of muskmelon, Cucumis melo inodorus, that has sweet fruit with pale orange flesh and an unridged rind youngberrya trailing bramble of the southwestern US that is a hybrid of a blackberry and dewberry with large sweet dark purple fruits ▷ See fruit
Copyright © 2016 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Fruits 的词汇表—— 柯林斯 英语词汇表