agaricany saprotrophic basidiomycetous fungus of the family Agaricaceae, having gills on the underside of the cap. The group includes the edible mushrooms and poisonous forms such as the fly agaric bird's-nest fungusany fungus of the family Nidulariaceae, having a nestlike spore-producing body containing egglike spore-filled structures boletusany saprotroph basidiomycetous fungus of the genus Boletus, having a brownish umbrella-shaped cap with spore-bearing tubes in the underside: family Boletaceae. Many species are edible bracket fungusany saprotroph or parasitic fungus of the basidiomycetous family Polyporaceae, growing as a shelflike mass (bracket) from tree trunks and producing spores in vertical tubes in the bracket cramp balla hard round blackish ascomycetous fungus, Daldinia concentrica, characteristically found on the bark of ash trees and formerly carried to ward off cramp. The specific name refers to the concentric rings revealed if the fungus is sliced death capa poisonous woodland saprotrophic basidiomycetous fungus, Amanita phalloides, differing from the edible mushroom (Agaricus) only in its white gills (pinkish-brown in Agaricus) and the presence of a volva dry rotany fungus causing this decay, esp of the genus Merulius earthstarelf-cupergota disease of cereals and other grasses caused by ascomycete fungi of the genus Claviceps, esp C. purpurea, in which the seeds or grain of the plants are replaced by the spore-containing bodies (sclerotia) of the fungus funnel capink-capany of several saprotrophic agaricaceous fungi of the genus Coprinus, whose caps disintegrate into a black inky fluid after the spores mature. It includes the shaggy ink-cap (Coprinus comatus), also called lawyer's wig, a distinctive fungus having a white cylindrical cap covered with shaggy white or brownish scales jelly fungusa member of any of three orders (Auriculariales, Tremellales, and Dacrymycetales) of basidiomycetous fungi that grow on trees and have a jelly-like consistency when wet. They include the conspicuous yellow brain fungus (Tremella mesenterica), the black witch's butter (Exidia plana), and the pinky-red jew's-ear (Auricularia auricula-judae) horn of plentyan edible basidiomycetous fungus, Craterellus cornucopioides, related to the chanterelle and like it funnel shaped but dark brown inside and dark grey outside: found in broad-leaved woodland liberty capa poisonous hallucinogenic basidiomycetous fungus, Psilocybe semilanceata, yellowish-brown with a distinctive pointed cap, found in groups in grassland mildewany fungus causing this kind of disease milk capmilleran edible basidiomycetous fungus, Clitopilus prunulus, with a white funnel-shaped cap and pinkish spores, often forming rings in grass mouldmushroomthe fungus producing any of these structures puffballrust or rust fungusany basidiomycetous fungus of the order Uredinales, parasitic on cereal plants, conifers, etc shaggy capan edible saprotrophic agaricaceous fungus, Coprinus comatus, having a white cap covered with shaggy scales sickenera bright red basidiomycetous fungus of either of two species of Russula, notably the poisonous R. emetica smutany parasitic basidiomycetous fungus of the order Ustilaginales that causes such a disease stinkhornsulphur tufta poisonous basidiomycetous fungus, Hypholoma fasciculare, having a sulphurous yellow cap and found in clumps on and around broad-leaved trees toadstoolany basidiomycetous fungus with a capped spore-producing body that is not edible trufflea chocolate sweet resembling this fungus in shape velvet shanka bright yellow edible basidiomycetous fungus, Flammulina velutipes, common on trunks, stumps, or branches of broad-leaved trees in winter wax capany fungus of the basidiomycetous family Hygrophoraceae, having thick waxy gills. Many are brightly coloured, like the parrot toadstool (Hygrophorus psittacinus), which is yellow with a covering of green slime, and the orange-red H. conicus wet rota state of decay in timber caused by various fungi, esp Coniophora puteana. The hyphal strands of the fungus are seldom visible and affected timber turns dark brown wood hedgehoga pale buff basidiomycetous fungus, Hydnum repandum, found in broad-leaved woodlands having a spiny underside to the cap wood woollyfoota common yellowish basidiomycetous fungus, Collybia peronata, of broad-leaved woodland, having a hairy tuft at the foot of the stem yeastany yeastlike fungus, esp of the genus Candida, which can cause thrush in areas infected with it ▷ See fungus
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Fungi 的词汇表—— 柯林斯 英语词汇表